Although a controversial figure in Chinese history, the First Emperor Qin Shi Huang was credited for most of the things we associate with China: giving China it’s name, building Great Wall, and of course his Terracotta Army.
Prior to his rule, the area that is now China was divided among many warring states. At the age of 21, Qin Shi Huang became the ruler of the Qin state (pronounced Chin). By the age of 38, had conquered all the remaining states, and for the first time united all regions under a single ruler, becoming the First Emperor.
Afraid of the afterlife, Qin Shi Huang constructed a massive army of over 8000 terracotta warriors and horses to protect his tomb site. The terracotta army went undiscovered until 1974 when it was finally unearthed by come local farmers.
The exhibit is only at British Museum until April 6th, and definitely worth checking out.